In partnership with the Greater Niagara Chamber of Commerce (GNCC), the Ontario Chamber of Commerce (OCC) has appealed to Premier Wynne to reject an LCBO-based model for the distribution of recreational marijuana, and to open the market to regulated, private-sector distributors and retailers.
The GNCC is spearheading this initiative, and successfully proposed a policy resolution at the OCC’s 2016 Annual General Meeting which led to the issuing of this letter.
On September 18, with the support of the Windsor-Essex and Abbotsford Chambers of Commerce, the Canadian Chamber of Commerce also adopted the GNCC’s policy platform on recreational marijuana, and the national Chamber will make this an advocacy focus for the federal government.
With the Trudeau government’s election platform having included marijuana legalization, and with that government’s working group currently researching legislation to be introduced next spring, the legalization or decriminalization of recreational marijuana is a foregone conclusion.
The GNCC hopes that this multi-billion-dollar market will not be closed to entrepreneurs and innovators.
The GNCC and the OCC have called for limits to points-of-access, reinvestment in addiction prevention and treatment, and other measures designed to safeguard the health of Canadians.
The Chambers also ask that municipal governments be given a voice in licensing, and that the siting of production, distribution or retail facilities for recreational marijuana only be done in municipalities that have consented to it.
However, they do not believe that granting a monopoly on the industry to the LCBO or a similar, government-run organization would be in the best interest of Ontario consumers, the public, or business.
The LCBO functions as a barrier to entry for entrepreneurs and businesses in the alcoholic beverage industry. This out-dated model has hamstrung Niagara’s wineries, breweries and distilleries for nearly a century, slowing job creation and economic growth.
Applying that same model to a brand-new legal industry is poor policy, argues the Ontario Chamber network.
A free-market model has been proven, countless times, to deliver the best in product quality and consumer choice. With sound regulation, consumer health and safety can be preserved while still enjoying these private-sector benefits.
The sudden emergence of a new, legal market will transform what was criminal, black-market activity into jobs, economic growth, tax revenues, and more.
It is important that the governments of Canada and Ontario get this right the first time, and make the most of this opportunity for Canadians and Ontarians.
“Healthy and safety are top-of-mind for us, but we believe that they can be safeguarded within a free-enterprise model that delivers choice and competitive pricing to consumers, and encourages entrepreneurship and innovation.”
— Mishka Balsom, President & CEO, Greater Niagara Chamber of Commerce
“It is not our place to take a position on the legalization question. At the Chamber, we simply hope that when this decision is made, the government will only regulate so far as is necessary for consumer protection, and will not simply award itself another monopoly.”
— Ian Kowalchuck, Chair of the Board, Greater Niagara Chamber of Commerce
September 14, 2016
Dear Premier Wynne,
In light of recent commitments from the Federal Government, the OCC is calling on the Province to immediately begin a robust consultative process aimed at developing a regulatory framework for the distribution of recreational marijuana. Our membership has expressed interest in this issue and the impact it will have on businesses and communities across the province. Appreciating that issues of jurisdiction remain uncertain, we nonetheless think it important that Ontario be proactive in its policy planning in this area.
As input into the Government’s deliberation on marijuana policy, the OCC would like to stress that social responsibility must be the first and overwhelming priority of any distribution system. Members of the business community will not accept a regulatory framework that puts additional pressures on community health and safety. Nor will the business community accept a system designed to maximize government revenue.
As you have rightly signaled, a true commitment to social responsibility demands an openness to studying and perhaps piloting various distribution models. We believe that a private-sector, licensing-based, and locally-oriented approach is one worth seriously considering. Whether it be the construction and maintenance of universities and hospitals or the delivery of transactional services, the Ontario Government has a long and proud history of working with the private sector to implement programming. A distribution system as complex and sensitive as the one required for recreational marijuana may demand a similar level of partnership. We would encourage government to adhere to the following principles in the process of policy design:
- Eliminate the underground economy: Research on the social benefits of moving marijuana production and distribution out of the underground economy and into a regulated market is well established. This is the major benefit of legalization. However, not all market-models are equally effective in eliminating the underground economy and, thus, special attention should be given to the unintended consequences of an overly regulated regime. While not endorsing an entirely free-market model, we caution Government against creating a system that is so onerous that it effectively duplicates the existing ineffective regime thus sustaining illegal channels for production and distribution.
- Limit points of access: We believe that critical to achieving the objective of social responsibility is a commitment to limited points of access for recreational marijuana. We do not believe, however, that limiting access is synonymous with a government operated distribution system. A licensing system, whereby a fixed number of access points are auctioned out to both the public and private sectors—including unions—may be a more efficient model of regulated delivery. Creating service delivery competition, structured by best-practice social responsibility standards, may create a virtuous ‘race-to-the-top’ whereby potential delivery agents are incentivized to be innovative in their application of social responsibility principles. This type of innovation will be particularly important in the first phase of marijuana policy implementation and thus Government may want to consider piloting multiple procurement models.
- Communities must be empowered: In addition to social responsibility, transparent and representative decision-making should be a key priority for government. With respect to both sites of production and sites of distribution, municipalities should have a voice in the approval process. In the case of a licensing model, for example, licenses should not be issued for communities which have voted against production or distribution facilities. As the province develops its marijuana policy, local government should be engaged so as to design an approvals process that is democratic.
- Invest in addiction prevention and treatment: Insofar as the Province generates net revenues from the legalization of marijuana, the entirety of these revenues should be invested in addiction prevention and treatment, with a portion given to the municipal level of government so as to ensure programming is tailored to local need. A process should be established whereby the Government reports annually to Ontario’s Patient Ombudsman on use of marijuana revenue and the impact of investment on addiction prevention and treatment.
- Ensure products are subject to best-practice health regulation. The province must work with the federal government to study the health implications of recreational marijuana and develop evidence-based health and safety regulations. Consumer safety, as part of a broader concern for social responsibility, is paramount, especially in the case of Canadian youth.
Though not an exhaustive list, we believe the above principles should form the backbone of any provincial recreational marijuana strategy. We look forward to working with the Government on this issue and encourage the Province to engage a broad group of stakeholders when designing the regulatory framework.
President & CEO
Ontario Chamber of Commerce
Hon. Eric Hoskins, Minister of Health and Long-Term Care
Hon. Charles Sousa, Minister of Finance
Hon. Yasir Naqvi, Attorney General
Hon. Bill Mauro, Minister of Municipal Affairs
Gary McNamara, President, Association of Municipalities of Ontario
The Greater Niagara Chamber of Commerce is the champion for the Niagara business community. With almost 1,600 members representing 50,000 employees, it is the largest business organization in Niagara and the third largest Chamber in Ontario. The Chamber Accreditation Council of Canada has recognized the Greater Niagara Chamber of Commerce with its highest level of distinction.
For further information, contact:
President & CEO
Greater Niagara Chamber of Commerce
905-684-2361 ext. 227 or firstname.lastname@example.org